c) The new eastern Jewish languages display several keeps: greatest fret (1), change away from [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation from verb group since shape (5), and you will reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). These are areal enjoys and this period might split between Halabja towards the one-hand and Koy Sanjaq and you can Azerbaijan toward most other. This isn’t clear where dialect each originates, however they are probably lent from one toward other people and never passed on in common.
These types of three biggest clusters regarding isoglosses depict simply a little part of the evidence and that is delivered to sustain into taxonomy of your own NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), playing with facts out of pronouns, shows the existence of a northern Iraqi dialect group (here portrayed by the Zakho, Tisqopa, and Aradhin) and therefore cannot be detected using the restricted data presented here. What is needed now could be each other thicker meanings of dialects currently recorded, so that more prevalent and you will https://datingranking.net/cs/military-cupid-recenze/ pinpointing services exists, and have field-work to list the many dialects being toward verge away from extinction.
1 Thanks a lot are caused by those who contributed studies and you will guidance, particularly Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you may Jo Rubba. E.H. summer stipend.
Including, f and you may g was in fact chosen within the terms such etrog ‘citron’ and sefer ‘scroll of law’, where about passed down Aramaic words f would have feel p and you may g would have gone away
3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) claims that audio system off Jewish Azerbaiaic from Kurdish. Her first research for it ‘s the enunciation off Hebrew loan-conditions inside dialect. Hebrew loanwords into the Jewish Azerbaijani hold particular audio which were deleted otherwise matched with people about popular Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell claims these retentions show these Hebrew terminology were lent originally in the Kurdish, and that a group of Kurdish audio system later moved on to Neo-Aramaic. It appears probably be that Hebrew elements about dialect didn’t participate in the newest voice changes in question due to new special spiritual register that it fall in. They may have altered and then been recovered to your base of your own traditional pronunciation out of nearby teams.
cuatro A raised + demonstrates next term is actually noticable towards suprasegmental feature ’emphasis’ that’s discover to some extent throughout NENA languages. Phonetically, emphasis is actually advanced, however, its number one role are velarization, and is also have a tendency to brought on by the current presence of the latest emphatic consonants t and you can s.
7 On dialect out of Tyari [Theta] will becomes s. Which dialect, that has been verbal before 1915 inside a neighbor hood out-of Hakkari, isn’t talked about here since the content on it are insufficient.
8 That isn’t clear if this type is present for the the new Halabja dialect. My informants from there know it, but said it actually was so much more trait of your neighboring town of Suleimaniya. In any case, it’s unfamiliar on the dialect of your own Jews of Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman means in my opinion that NENA forms get actually have came from an enthusiastic unattested metathesized elizabeth[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. Within the Bono Homini Donum: Essays during the Historic Linguistics in the Memory of J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you can Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Education on the Concept and you will Reputation of Linguistic Research, series IV. Most recent Issues in Linguistic Principle sixteen. Part II, 613-forty-two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
An inquiry toward Development of one’s Center Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Conditions and Syllables inside the Jewish East Brand new Aramaic of Persian Azerbaijan additionally the Continguous Districts (A problem of Multilingualism). Inside the Education from inside the Egyptology and you will Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Society.